Photodissociation of Iron(IV)-Oxo Complexes: The evasive Fe=O stretch

We demonstrate the application of infrared photodissocation spectroscopy for determination of the Fe=O stretching frequencies of high-valent iron(IV)-oxo complexes [(L)Fe(O)(X)]2+/+ (L = TMC, N4Py, PyTACN, and X = CH3CN, CF3SO3, ClO4, CF3COO, NO3, N3). We show that the values determined by resonance Raman spectroscopy in acetonitrile solutions are on average 9 cm-1 red-shifted with respect to unbiased gas-phase values. Furthermore, we show the assignment of the spin state of the complexes based on the vibrational modes of a coordinated anion and compare reactivities of various iron(IV)-oxo complexes generated as dications or monocations (bearing the anionic ligand). The coordinated anions can drastically affect the reactivity of the complex and should be taken into account when comparing reactivities of complexes bearing different ligands. Comparison of reactivities of [(PyTACN)Fe(O)(X)]+ generated in different spin-states and bearing different anionic ligands X revealed that the nature of anion influences the reactivity more than the spin-state. The triflate and perchlorate ligands tend to stabilize the quintet state of [(PyTACN)Fe(O)(X)]+, whereas trifluoroacetate and nitrate stabilize the triplet state of the complex. The results were published today in Journal of the American Chemical Society (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, ASAP):

E. Andris, R. Navrátil, J. Jasik, T. Thibault, M. Srnec, M. Costas, and J. Roithova
“Chasing the Evasive Fe=O Stretch and the Spin State of the Iron(IV)-Oxo Complexes by Photodissociation Spectroscopy”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, [], ASAP-
DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b12291