Salvador, Pedro

Chemical concepts from wavefunction analysis

Contact info:
Dr. Pedro Salvador
Tel. (+34) 972 41 83 58


Selected publications

Verònica Postils, Carlos Delgado-Alonso, Josep M. Luis, Pedro Salvador
An Objective Alternative to IUPAC’s Approach to Assign Oxidation States
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2018, 57, 10525-10529
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jctc.9b00139

Eloy Ramos-Cordoba, Pedro Salvador, Markus Reiher
Local Spin Analysis and Chemical Bonding
Chem-Eur J., 2013, 19, 15267-15275
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201300945

Eloy Ramos-Cordoba, Eduard Matito, István Mayer, Pedro Salvador
Toward a Unique Definition of the Local Spin
J. Chem. Theory Comput., 2012, 8, 1270-1279
DOI: 10.1021/ct300050c

Pedro Salvador, István Mayer
One- and two-center physical space partitioning of the energy in the density functional theory
J. Chem. Phys., 2007, 126, 234113
DOI: 10.1063/1.2741258

Pedro Salvador, Miquel Duran, István Mayer
One- and two-center energy components in the atoms in molecules theory
J. Chem. Phys., 2001, 115, 1153
DOI: 10.1063/1.1381407

+ Publications

Dr. Pedro Salvador

Pedro Salvador Sedano (Girona, 1975) carried out his PhD studies in the Department of Chemistry of the UdG under the supervision of Prof. Miquel Duran. His thesis (2001) focused on development and implementation of basis set superposition error correction methods. He has accumulated ca. 3 years of international research experience, being visiting scholar at the City University of New York (Prof. Dannenberg) and the Chemical Research Center of Budapest (Prof. Mayer) among other centers.
Since October 2006 he is an Associate Professor of the Department of Chemistry and a member of the Institute of Computational Chemistry and Catalysis of the UdG. He has been the director of the Master’s in Advanced catalysis and Molecular Modelling from 2013-2019.

Research overview

Pedro currently leads a research team at IQCC mainly working on the development and implementation of new tools for wavefunction analysis, with the aim of connecting classical chemical concepts with modern ab initio methods.

Back in 2001 we published a decomposition method of the Hartree-Fock energy (HF) in mono and diatomic contributions in the framework of the Quantum theory of Atoms in Molecules (QTAIM), later known as Interacting Quantum Atoms. The difficulty of the associated numerical integrations motivated the exploration of other alternative definitions for the atom in the molecule based on so-called fuzzy atoms. In 2004 we showed how the classical formulation of bond order or overlap populations could be obtained in a general way in the general framework of the fuzzy atoms. In later works this methodology extended to the decomposition of both HF (2005) and Kohn-Sham DFT (2007) molecular energies.

During the last years we have shown how to obtain other local physical magnitudes of interest through analysis of the wavefunction, such as local hardness (2007-08) or local spin (2012-14), the latter being used as a quantification of polyradical character (2014).
The implementation of Mayer’s effective atomic orbitals for a general wavefunction (2009, 2013) has allowed us to address the recurrent problem of obtaining oxidation states (2015, 2018) from first principles. We have thus developed the so-called effective oxidation states (EOS) analysis.
We have also proposed new atomic definitions less arbitrary in the fuzzy atoms framework (2013) as well as a significant number of applications, most recent ones involving transition metal systems with intricate bonding situations. Some more recent works have dealt with the application of these analysis techniques for the development of new correlation indicators (2014, 2016) oriented to the design of new DFT and DMFT functionals.

We are also currently joining forces with the group of Josep M. Luis focusing on the design and implementation of novel energy-based origin-independent decomposition of linear and nonlinear optical properties

All the new methodology that we’ve developed during the last 15 years is implemented in our own code, APOST-3D, which we have made available to the scientific community.


Principal Investigator

Pedro Salvador

Prof. Agregat

PhD and MACMoM students

Enric Sabater

PhD Student (FI-SDUR)

- P. Salvador

Gerard Comas

PhD Student (FPU)

- P. Salvador

Marc Montilla

PhD Student (FI)

- P. Salvador
- J. M. Luis

Pau Besalú

PhD Student (FPU)

- M. Solà
- J. M. Luis
- P. Salvador

Sergi Danés

PhD Student

- D. Andrada (Univ. Saarbruken, DE)
- P. Salvador


MICIU projects

Project: Estructura electrónica, propiedades y reactividad de moléculas bajo campos eléctricos
Researcher: Dr. Josep Maria Luis and Dr. Pedro Salvador
Reference: PID2022-140666NB-C22
Funding: 131.250 €
Period: 01/09/2023 – 31/08/2026

Other projects

Project: Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC)
Researcher: Pedro Salvador and Josep Maria Luis
Funding: 118.500 €
Period: 2022-2026

Project: Gaussian Inc.
Researcher: Pedro Salvador
Funding: Full site licence
Period: –


Diego M. AndradaUniversity of Saarland (Germany), collaboration with Pedro Salvador.

Martí Gimferrer awarded best PhD thesis 2023

Last week, our former member of IQCC Martí Gimferrer was awarded the annual recognition of

PhD defense Pau Besalú Sala

Next Monday will be the defense of the doctoral thesis of Pau Besalú

30 years IQC(C) celebration

Last 20th April took place the 30 years IQC(C) celebration. This wonderful moment

Does Serial Femtosecond Crystallography Depict State-Specific Catalytic Intermediates of the Oxygen-Evolving Complex?

Protein crystallography of PSII only recently has made significant progress. Starting from the